Catching Multiple Slicer Selections in a Formula

A long time ago I did a post on using slicer selections in Excel formulas.  That technique only worked when you select single values on slicers, though – any more than one and the dreaded “(Multiple items)” foils your well-laid plans.

How to handle that multi-select case became a very common question – in email and posted as comments.

Awhile back I responded privately to one of those requests but haven’t had time to post the solution.  So here goes.

The Solution, Summarized

First, here’s a picture of the solution I came up with.  For fun, see if you can figure out what I’m doing just by looking at it:


Everything in green is visible to the final report consumer (or at least, you can choose to make it so).  Everything in grey is stuff you likely hide  – either by hiding columns or by placing on a hidden sheet.  The SKUID field is on the slicer (that is hooked to both pivots) and is also on the row axis of the hidden pivot, but is not included on the visible pivot.

Here’s the same spreadsheet, but zoomed in and with formulas visible:


I went ahead and uploaded this workbook so you can take a look in a hands-on manner.


Note that this was a PowerPivot workbook originally but I think I nuked all the data out of it, so you won’t be able to manipulate the pivots.  No worries though – the formulas here are 100% of the technique and should work with any pivot.

I’m pretty sure I could simplify this a little bit if I tried, but probably not by much.  I eagerly await everyone’s constructive input Smile

Update, November 2012

I’ve since posted yet another way to do this that is probably the simplest I’ve personally used to date, and it handles multi select quite well too:

Rob Collie

One of the founding engineers behind Power Pivot during his 14-year career at Microsoft, and creator of the world’s first cloud Power Pivot service, Rob is one of the foremost authorities on self-service business intelligence and next-generation spreadsheet technology.

This Post Has 14 Comments

  1. Tom Rupsis

    Hey Rob – I got this UDF a while ago from somewhere on the internets that concatenates a range of cells:

    Function concat(useThis As Range, Optional delim As String) As String
    ' this function will concatenate a range of cells and return one string
    ' useful when you have a rather large range of cells that you need to add up
    Dim retVal, dlm As String
    retVal = ""
    If delim = Null Then
    dlm = ""
    dlm = delim
    End If
    For Each cell In useThis
    If CStr(cell.Value) "" And CStr(cell.Value) " " Then
    retVal = retVal & CStr(cell.Value) & dlm
    End If
    If dlm "" And retVal "" Then
    retVal = Left(retVal, Len(retVal) - Len(dlm))
    End If
    concat = retVal
    End Function

    Using this, you can setup a little function that concatenates the row label headers:

    Function ptHeaders(dummyValue As Variant) As String
    Dim pt As PivotTable
    Set pt = ActiveSheet.PivotTables(1)
    ptHeaders = concat(pt.RowRange.Offset(1, 0), ",")
    End Function

    It would of course be better to pass the name of the pivot table instead of hard coding the reference, but don’t have time this morning to look that up. I’m sure it’s simple to do.

    Then just call =ptHeaders({reference to sales total from visible pivot table}) in your Output cell to get the list of SKUs selected.

  2. David Hager

    Now there’s an Excel-style solution for you!

  3. Steven Marshall

    Because I have up to 8 slicers in my PowerPivots I like to save space and use a single formula based solution that limits the number of shown multiple selections to 4. Anything more and they get a “More than 4” message (obviously you can expand the formula to capture as many selections that make sense for the subject in question)
    Here is a sample formula for the slicer Region_Name:
    =IF(ISERROR(CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Region_Name,5)),IF(CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Region_Name,1)=”all”,”All Regions”,”Region(s): “&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Region_Name,1))&IFERROR(“, “&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Region_Name,2),””)&IFERROR(“, “&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Region_Name,3),””)&IFERROR(“, “&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Region_Name,4),””),”More than 4 Regions”)

    1. Ken

      Your solution above is exactly what I am in search of, yet I cannot get it to work. When I do the following:

      =IF(ISERROR(CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,5)),IF(CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,1)=”all”,”All Years”,””&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,1))&IFERROR(“,”&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,2),””))&IFERROR(“,”&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,3),””)&IFERROR(“,”&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,4),””)

      This will work for the first 4 slices made, once you select a 5th slice, you will see “False and the first 2 slices made” in the cell.

      But if I do this:

      =IF(ISERROR(CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,5)),IF(CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,1)=”all”,”All Years”,””&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,1))&IFERROR(“,”&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,2),””))&IFERROR(“,”&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,3),””)&IFERROR(“,”&CUBERANKEDMEMBER(“PowerPivot Data”,Slicer_Close_Year1,4),””),”More than 4 Years”)

      Excel says there is an error in the formula.

      Not sure what I am missing.

      Any help is greatly appreciated.


  4. Chris Webb
  5. leo

    brilliant idea! well done

  6. Nandita Shah

    In the uploaded file, for Formula Series 2, for the first row, the formula should be =IF(S5=””,4,0), instead of =IF(S5=””,1,0). If you don’t make this change, and if only one slicer is selected, then the Output value returns a 0.

    1. powerpivotpro

      Thanks Nandita! :)

  7. jeffrey Weir

    Rob: Why don’t you just check if the first thing in your hidden pivot is the same as the last thing in your hidden pivot? Something like this:
    =IF(INDEX(A:A,COUNTA(A:A))A2,"Please select a single country","")

  8. jeffrey Weir

    Pesky formula parser ate my NOT EQUAL TO that lives just before the A2 bit.

  9. Denise Hoban

    This solution may work for me in Excel 2010, but am now challenged with multiple interactive slicers. My goal is to have the MANUALLY selected filter results (from all slicers) appear on the top of my master pivot table report (in the report title).

    My question is: Is there any way (preferably not VBA) to tell if a filter is being used. Like: if filter has an item selected then 1 else 0.

    Any ideas might help spark another idea…

    Thanks, Denise

  10. Jeffrey Naas

    Here is my somewhat verbose attempt to create a one-cell solution with a title and the selected slicers using an array formula. I am still using Excel 2010 so I am not sure if this necessary with Excel 2013 and newer. It works for me. Let me know if you find any bugs.

    The slicer values (from the report filters) are in the range B1:B3. You can use more or fewer. As noted before, it is an array formula, so make sure to enter with CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER.

    =IF(RIGHT(TRIM(“My Title”&SUBSTITUTE(SUBSTITUTE(IF(AND($B$1:$B$3=”(All)”),””,”: “&$B$1&”, “&$B$2&”, “&$B$3),”(All), “,””), “(All)”,””)),1)=”,”,LEFT(TRIM(“My Title”&SUBSTITUTE(SUBSTITUTE(IF(AND($B$1:$B$3=”(All)”),””,”: “&$B$1&”, “&$B$2&”, “&$B$3),”(All), “,””), “(All)”,””)),LEN(TRIM(“My Title”&SUBSTITUTE(SUBSTITUTE(IF(AND($B$1:$B$3=”(All)”),””,”: “&$B$1&”, “&$B$2&”, “&$B$3),”(All), “,””), “(All)”,””)))-1),”My Title”&SUBSTITUTE(SUBSTITUTE(IF(AND($B$1:$B$3=”(All)”),””,”: “&$B$1&”, “&$B$2&”, “&$B$3),”(All), “,””), “(All)”,””))

  11. Jeffrey Naas

    UPDATE: I wrote the formula above to handle multiple slicers per Denise’s question but not multiple selections within a slicer (the original problem!). This is exactly what I need so the formula works for me but YMMV.

    Denise, I think is the test you want:
    or array format C+S+E
    =–IF($B$1:$B$3″(All)”,TRUE) for range $B$1:$B$3 where the filter values are captured

    P.S. – I don’t know how to lock my quote marks to ANSI 34 when posting. Left displays as 147 and right as 148 on this web page. When copying from this web page, make sure to replace all quote marks with ANSI 34 quote marks (Notepad works fine) before using these formulas in Excel.

  12. Jeffrey Naas

    Those are 2 minus signs before IF. Formatting turned them into 1 minus sign. Sigh…

Leave a Comment or Question